Yogyakarta, The Ancient Kingdom in Indonesia

ludi71 By ludi71, 18th Jun 2012 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/1wi-4es7/
Posted in Wikinut>Travel>Asia>Indonesia>Java

Gamelan sounds, graceful dancers, accompanied by the dim light, but it adds to the atmosphere full of beauty mystic

Short Story about Yogyakarta

Yogyakarta, a province in Indonesia, which is the (only) is headed by a sultan as a governor. Province which is about 477 km from Jakarta has an area of ​​3,185.80 km2, a population of 3,452,390 people (2010), and consists of one city and four counties.
Before the independence of Indonesia, Yogyakarta is an area that has its own government called Zelfbestuurlandschappen / Autonomous Region, the Sultanate and the Duchy Pakualaman Ngayogyakarta. Ngayogyakarta Sultanate was founded by Prince Mangkubumi and hold the title as Sultan Hamengku Buwono I in 1755, while the Duchy Pakualaman Notokusumo founded by Prince (brother of Sultan Hamengku Buwono II) and also hold the title of the Duke as Paku Alam I in 1813. The Government Dutch East Indies recognized the Sultanate and the empire Pakualaman the right to set its own domestic politics expressed in the political contract. The last Political contract listed in the Sultanate Staatsblaad 1941 No. 47, while the political contract Staatsblaad Pakualaman in 1941 Number 577. The existences of the two kingdoms have received international recognition, both in the Dutch colonial period, Britain, and Japan. When the Japanese left Indonesia, the kingdom is ready to own an independent state, complete with a system of government (original composition), the region and its inhabitants.
But instead of proclaiming its independence, those kingdom instead chose to join the Republic of Indonesia, who had just proclaimed its independence, even Yogyakarta was once the capital of the Republic of Indonesia during the War of Independence against Dutch colonialism in the year 1945-1949.

Tourist Destinations, Borobudur Temple

As a tourist city, Yogyakarta clearly has areas that could potentially be a destination for tourists. The main destinations for tourists is the temple of Borobudur. As the biggest temple in Indonesia, Borobudur has its own charm. Although it had been bombed by terrorists, but still has a beauty that can not be compared to other temples.
The temple was built in the 9th century AD a Buddhist temple. Built by King Samaratungga of dynastic Syailendra. Borobudur reliefs have 1.460 and 504 stupas. Based on the inscriptions Kayumwungan, Borobudur is a Buddhist place of worship and was completed on May 26, 824 M.
To go to Borobudur via Yogyakarta
From Yogyakarta you can use Bus or taxi. If you use bus, the ticket prices are about 10,000 IDR - 20,000 IDR.

Benteng Vredeburg (Fort Vredeburg)

This fort is a fortress of the Dutch East Indies which was built in 1765. Built just before Gedung Agung (one of the Presidential Palace today). Now the the fort is used as a museum

Malioboro

Make no mistake, Malioboro nothing to do with a certain brand of cigarettes. Malioboro is a street name in Yogyakarta. You can not exactly go to Yogyakarta if you have not visited Malioboro. In Sanskrit, the meaning of malioboro is roads that havebouquet due to the old days when the palace hold the event, a mile-long road will be filled with a bouquet of flowers. Although time passed and times have changed, Malioboro position as the main road and the site of the various carnival celebrations never change.
You can buy at Malioboro the desired range of merchandise ranging from trinkets beautiful, unique souvenirs, batik classic, gold and jewels to household appliances. For fans of souvenirs, Malioboro will be a paradise for shopping fun. Walking in the street while offering a variety of goods sold by street hawkers will be an experience in itself.

The Sultan Palace (Kraton)

As the empire, of course, have palace. Palaces in Indonesia as in Yogyakarka called Kraton. Ngayogyakarta palace or Kraton Yogyakarta is an formal palace for Sultan who is now located in the city of Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Although the empire has officially become part of the Republic of Indonesia in 1950, this palace complex of buildings still serve as shelter and household sultan palace imperial tradition still runs today.
Not only home to the king and his family alone, the Palace is also a direction the development of culture of Java, as well as guard the flame of culture. In this place, tourists can learn and see firsthand how the Javanese culture continues to live and preserved. Sultan's Palace was built by Prince Mangkubumi in 1755, several months after the signing of the Treaty Giyanti. Beringin Forest was chosen as the founding of the palace because the land is flanked by two rivers that were considered good and protect it from being flooded. Despite hundreds of years old and was damaged by the massive earthquake in 1867, the building remained standing by the Sultan's Palace sturdy and well maintained.

How To Go To Yogyakarta

you can use plane through the Soekarno Hatta International Airport to International Airport Adi Sutjipto. Almost all Airlines in Indonesia have destination to Yogyakarta. Flights range from 200,000 IDR to 800,000 IDR.
In addition you can use train, with ticket prices ranging from 275,000 IDR - 300,000 IDR. And you can also use the bus ticket prices range from 150,000 IDR - 200,000 IDR.

Tags

Ancient, Java, Kingdom, Palace, Sultan, Yogyakarta

Meet the author

author avatar ludi71
I am a internship student of faculty of dentistry, and I also write in another similar webs. I have a hobby of writing. Sometimes a poem or article. But the writings that I make are not based on one o

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