Visiting Pinnacles National Park

2tfx By 2tfx, 19th Sep 2014 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/3601y2yx/
Posted in Wikinut>Travel>North America>United States>California

This is the natural and cultural history of the United States newest national park

History of Pinnacles National Park

Before the arrival of the Spanish the Costanoans (Spanish for "coastal people") and Ohlones lived in this part of Northern California. Evidence for their settlement include arrowheads and mortars, which were used to grind acorns into an edible flour. There words describe Fifty distinctive smaller tribes who inhabited the area south of San Francisco Bay. The two tribes in the area of Pinnacles were the Mutsun and Chalon.

The local Indians were hunter-gatherers.The pinnacles provided food, medicine and building materials. The people built huts in the Spring and ate leafy plants, grass , wildflower seeds and plant bulbs. They weaved baskets from the roots of the Santa Barbara Sedge and Deergrass. The people gathered acorns and pine nuts in the Autumn.

Acorns were gathered in baskets then in the sun.Then some were ground or stored away. They gathered wild flower seeds and planted some for the future.

Rabbits were hunted for food and fur. Deer. elk antelope and fish were also important sources of their food.

The Spanish established a chain of twenty one missions in California from 1769-1823.
The nearest mission was Nuestra Senora De La Soledad. founded in 1791.The Chalons lived in the East of the Pinnacles nearest the mission.

There were 900 Chalons and 3000 Mutsuns at the time of European colonization.

The Indians became Neophytes (Baptized) A combination of European diseases and harsh treatment killed many of the Indians and changed their way of life. In 1770, the Native American population of California was 300,000. By the middle 1800s the number was reduced by one half!

In 1891 a homesteader named Shuyler Hain arrived from Michigan. He became known as the "Father of the Pinnacles". He lead tours of Bear Valley and the caves.
He spoke to groups and wrote about preserving the area. He was the unofficial caretaker.

Horace Bacon was the school master at Bear Valley School.

In 1920 A dirt road was built leading to the Bear Valley Gulch.

Pinnacles was established as a twenty five hundred acre national monument in 1908 by President Theodore Roosevelt. The monument increased to twenty six thousand acres .Pinnacles National Park was created on January 10, 2013 by an act of law signed by President Barack Obama.

Tags

California, National Parks, Tourist Attractions, Tourist Destinations, United States

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author avatar 2tfx
I was born on August 3. I am from the United States. State of California and I love swimming, anime, hiking and cemeteries.

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