Sundarban: the World's Biggest Mangrove Forest in Bangladesh

Mr. Mamun By Mr. Mamun, 15th May 2015 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Travel>Asia>Bangladesh>Dhaka & Around

Do you know which is the biggest mangrove forest in the world? Have you heard the name of Sundarban? It is the biggest mangrove forest in the world. Not only biggest but also full of natural beauties and some special creatures that you will not get in any other forest such as the most ferocious tiger of the world, the Royal Bengal Tiger and so more.........

What is Mangrove Forest?

Before knowing the biggest mangrove forest, we should know the definition of mangrove forest. What is mangrove forest? Mangrove forest is a type of forest with various types of trees up to medium height and shrubs that grow in saline coastal sediment habitats in the tropics and subtropics – mainly between latitudes N and S. Dictionary defines it as a forest with various tropical evergreen trees or shrubs that grow in shallow coastal water.

Sundarban: the largest mangrove forest

Sundarban is the largest mangrove forest in the world. It spreads approximately 10,000 square kilometres. The 60% area of the Sundarban is in Bangladesh and the rest of 40% area is in the Eastern part of India. The Sundarban lies in the delta on the Bay of Bengal. It is in the south-western area of Bangladesh.

History of the name

There is no fixed and sure reason of the name Sundarban. People use to think about the reason of the name in many ways. The name Sundarban, according to Bangla language is 'beautiful forest'. However, there is a very famous tree which named Sundari tree. People use to think that the name of the forest came from the name of this tree and it is widely known and more accepted by the people.

Natural Beauties

Bangladesh is known as the queen of natural beauty. It has a lot of natural beauties all over the country. Sundarban is one of the surprising natural gift of this country. There are a lots of natural varieties of this forest. This forest has the special features in the land and water areas. So, there is a Bengali proverb for all side's problem is Tiger is in the land and crocodile in the water. There are a lot of varieties of trees, animal, and land shapes.

Trees in Sundarban

Anyone will not see this much natural beauties in any other forest in the world. The main attraction of this forest is the size of the trees. As this forest is a mangrove forest, it has a similar size of trees that makes a great natural views of the birds' eyes. The main tree of this forest is sundari tree (Heritiera fomes) including gewa (Excoecaria agallocha), goran (Ceriops decandra) and keora (Sonneratia apetala) abundance of dhundul or passur (Xylocarpus granatum), kankra (Bruguiera gymnorrhiza) and among palms, Poresia coaractata, Myriostachya wightiana and golpata (Nypa fruticans), and among grasses spear grass (Imperata cylindrica) and khagra (Phragmites karka) are well distributed. Almost 334 species are recognized by David Prain in 1903 in this forest which can easily attract the mind of human beings.

Animals in Sundarban

There are several types of animals, insects and other wild beasts in this Sundarban. Everyone suppose to heard the name of Sundarban specially for the Royal Bengal Tiger Which is the most ferocious and man-eating tiger of the world. According to the tiger census in 2011, there were approximately 270 Royal Bengal tigers in Sundarban. It use to attack the human beings and different types of animals. When this animal does not get its food properly in the forest, it use to come in the residential areas for food and attacks the pet animals and human beings also. A 1991 study has revealed that the Bangladeshi part of the Sundarbans supports diverse biological resources including at least 150 species of commercially important fish, 270 species of birds, 42 species of mammals, 35 reptiles and 8 amphibian species Including this tiger. There are a numbers of animals in this forest such as Crocodiles, Fishing cats, macaques, wild boars, common grey mongooses, foxes, jungle cats, flying foxes, pangolins, and spotted deer, the King Cobra (Ophiophagus hannah), Russell's Viper (Vipera russellii), Rock python (Python molurus), Banded Krait (Bungarus fasciatus) and several species of sea snakes are notable.

Attacks by Royal Bengal Tigers

Royal Bengal tigers are very dangerous animals. They use to attack the human beings so much than other animal. It does not attack only in forest but also in the local areas. If people use to go in Sundarban for any work, this tiger use to make them as their prey and attacks. Sometimes for the lack of food they use to swim across the rivers and creeks to come in the residential areas. Almost in every year it is heard that the tiger is coming to the residential area for food and it is harming the cattle, cows and other domestic animals or even sometimes to the life of human beings. It is also said that if tigers catch anyone no one can save or release him/her in any way. except his/her luck.

Water areas of Sundarban

Sundarban has a lot of small size of creek, brook, river connected with the Bay of Bengal. It this water area there are very delicious fishes are found. However, it is also risky to go in the water area also for crocodiles.


This forest is economically helping the people in many ways. People are collecting different types of woods from the forest. They are collecting Golpata trees for shed to built hut and mud houses, collecting pure honey from the honey hives and so more. However, people are also killing different animals like deer, tigers and other animals for collecting their skins for economic support which is illegal.


This Sundarban is not only the largest forest for its area but it also has a numbers of natural varieties. It is naturally and economically helping the nature and people so much. This Sundarban is protecting the nature and Bangladeshi coastal area's people in many ways.


Biggest, Forest, Forests, Mangrove, Mangrove Biodiversity, Mangrove Ecosystems, Mangroves, Mangroves Biodiversity, Sundarban, World

Meet the author

author avatar Mr. Mamun
I am an MA in English language and literature. I want to write on several informative areas.

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author avatar Sivaramakrishnan A
20th May 2015 (#)

Good post with relevant details, thanks Mr. Mamun. Only the brave and adventurous can make a trip to Sundarban - siva

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author avatar Mr. Mamun
20th May 2015 (#)

Hmm........its every step of this forest is full of adventurous.......

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author avatar Carol Roach
20th May 2015 (#)

It looks like a beautiful place to visit

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author avatar Mr. Mamun
20th May 2015 (#)

hmm......its also very adventurous........

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author avatar Mr. Mamun
20th May 2015 (#)

hmmm...of course...hope I will be able to help the tourist in details by writing only on travelling Sundarban.

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