Java and Its Three Different Cultures

Lila Bangsawan By Lila Bangsawan, 14th Jun 2011 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Travel>Asia>Indonesia>Java

Knowing an island that will be visited is very helpful in order to adjust our self to it. Read through and you will get more information concerning the island.

It is One of Indonesia's islands

- Java Island
- The Most
- Three Different Languages
- Different Behavior Patterns



Java Island
Java island is one of Indonesia's islands. It is bordered on the north by the Java Sea and on the south by the Indian Ocean. Straits separate it from Madura island to the northeast, Bali to the east, and Sumatra to the west. Java is about 650 miles (1,050 km) long (east-west) and up to 130 miles (210 km) wide. Its area is 48,842 square miles (126,500 km2). (Source: Google.com)

A great mountain range with many active volcanoes runs along Java's length. Semeru, the highest peak, is 12,060 feet (3,676 m) above sea level. The weather is hot and damp in the lowlands, with no seasonal variation; the highlands are cooler. Java has several important seaports, and major cities are linked by road, rail, and air. Every piece of land fit for cultivation is intensively farmed; rice is grown on terraced hillsides. Other agricultural products are sugar, coffee, tea, rubber, cocoa, corn, cassava, soybeans, and yams. Teak is an important lumber product. Petroleum is the leading mineral resource.

The Most
Java (Indonesian: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia. It is home for 60% of Indonesian population. With a population of 135 million, it is the world's most populous island, and one of the most densely populated regions in the world.

The Indonesian capital city is Jakarta and it is in west Java. Much of Indonesian history took place on Java. In the 4th to 7th centuries, it was the center of powerful Hindu-Buddhist empires, Islamic sultanates, the core of the colonial Dutch East Indies, and there after becomes the center of Indonesia's campaign for independence. The island dominates Indonesian social, political and economic life.

Three Different Languages
In Java island, there are three main languages though Javanese language is dominant but there is also Sundanese language in it. Center and East Java use Javanese language as their mother tongue, and Sundanese Language is used by West Java people. Most residents are bilingual, with Indonesian as their first or second language.
While the majority of the people of Java are Muslim, Java has a diverse mixture of religious beliefs, ethnics and cultures.

Different Behavior Patterns
Although Java is home for 60% of Indonesia population, it has different behavior patterns between one region to another. West Java people is called "Sundanese" people. They are the most friendly and soft spoken people in Java. The dialect of Sundanese language are divided into three different level: for the younger, the similar and the older ages. Myths and heroic stories are very important things in Sundanese culture. Those myths and heroic stories will be told to their children through puppets shows or dances. The Sundanese people used to do every thing compromised. Their decision making process is a result of a family agreement.

Center Java people have a dialect which is very different with Sundanese people. Center Java people can be called as Javanese. Here was many ancient kingdoms developed. Those ancient kingdoms had effected a lot to the traditional life of Javanese people. The Javanese women are very loyal to their men. The main purpose of their life is to devote to their husbands. It is Javanese belief.called as "Kejawen". In this region, people also use puppets show and dances to deliver their myths, beliefs and heroic stories to their children.

Eastern Java people are mostly similar with center java people, and their language is almost similar as well, although it is a little bit different. Eastern Java people can be called as Javanese. But the people are more out spoken.

Well, knowing those three different cultures in Java Island will make you easier adjusting your self when you have to visit this island one day. Welcome to Java.

Tags

Attitudes, Behavior Pattern, Culture, Language, People

Meet the author

author avatar Lila Bangsawan
I am a teacher of an elementary school. I live in Bandung-Indonesia and have 2 sons. I will write on travel as my writing focus because I was a traveler around Indonesia areas when I was young.

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Comments

author avatar Delicia Powers
14th Jun 2011 (#)

Great article and cultures, a wonderful place to visit, thanks Lila!

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author avatar Lila Bangsawan
14th Jun 2011 (#)

You are welcome, Delicia. Thanks for reaading my article.

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author avatar jak2010
14th Jun 2011 (#)

Great place, Java and it's good Lisa and tell the world about it. Good work.

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author avatar Lila Bangsawan
15th Jun 2011 (#)

Thank you, jak. You are welcome to visit it. By, the way, my name is Lila.

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author avatar Minakshi
15th Jun 2011 (#)

I would love to visit it....hope so some day i can go there.

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author avatar Lila Bangsawan
15th Jun 2011 (#)

You will, Minakshi. I pray for you. Thanks for stopping by.

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author avatar saurik
16th Jun 2011 (#)

I would love to visit 2 countries.
Indonesia and Malaysia.

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author avatar Lila Bangsawan
16th Jun 2011 (#)

Yes, I think you should. Thank you, saurik.

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