Important Facts Necessary For A Peaceful Election In Nigeria

Godwill By Godwill , 24th Mar 2011 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Travel>Africa>Nigeria>Abuja & Around

As the election draws near in Nigeria, there is the need to consider certain factors that will help to usher in a free and fair election. Previous elections in the country has always been characterize with rigging and violence.

Important Facts Necessary For A Peaceful Election In Nigeria

Nigeria, the most populous black nation in the world has over the years been characterized by incoherent political activities. This incoherency has led to the installation of corrupt leaders who have almost ruined the hope of the country. Their corrupt practices and their support for corrupt practices have contributed to the nauseating image of the country before the global community and have placed Nigeria on the vantage of the list of corrupt nations.

Brief History

On October 1, 1960, Nigeria received independence from Britain and by 1963; Nigeria became a republic with Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe as the first republic president and Tafawa Belewa as the Prime Minister. The Dr. Azikiwe’s government was short lived by a military coup in 1966 which led to the civil war between the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the seceding Biafra in 1967. The war ended on 15th January, 1970 leaving over a million people dead. Immediately after the war, the military took control of the government again and replaced the federal constitution with decrees. This was the beginning of Nigeria’s woes.
The army restored the government back to the civilians in 1979. Though an election was conducted to elect officials into the government, it was not free and fair. The military literally selected those they wanted and handed over to them. There was massive rigging and intimidation by the military. The decrees used by the military were converted into constitution by a handful of despotic officials and were regularly reviewed to empower the leaders more and more.

The Call For A New Constitution

There are several issues that must be settled before Nigeria can conduct successful, free and fair elections. There is this fundamental issue of the constitution which some groups of Nigerians say it’s a fraud. The Change Nigeria Project group are in the forefront of this battle. They explain that originally, Nigeria was governed by a federal constitution which was made and consented by the stakeholders of the nation – the Northern, Western, Eastern and the Lagos protectorates of Nigeria. They claim that the current document used as a constitution is a modified decree and does not represent the will of the stakeholders. They went on to explain that the current document empowered the central government which is headed by the president and impoverishes the federation units. They claim that the fraudulent constitution has made the federating units beggars at the feet of the central government.
The cause of the revolts in different parts of the country is attributed to this fraudulent constitution. They insinuate that cases like the notorious Niger Delta crises, incessant kidnaps in the south and eastern parts of the country, the continued agitation for a Biafra Republic, the Jos mayhems, robbery, fraud, unemployment, electricity problems and other social and economic problems emanated from this fraudulent constitution. So, these agitating groups of Nigerians are insisting that unless a referendum among the stakeholders of the country is reached and a federal constitution promulgated, there can never be a successful election in Nigeria. In fact, they claim in plain terms that the country Nigeria remains a fraud until a federal constitution is made.

More Pressure Groups

Some other quarters in Nigeria are calling on the Independent Electoral Commission of Nigeria (INEC) to make sure that the voters register are computed accurately. They also asked INEC to make sure that they create a conducive atmosphere for every qualified Nigerian to cast his or her vote. They claim that in the previous elections, most eligible voters were denied their rights to vote either by omitting their names from the voters register or allowing political thugs to obstruct the process.
And finally, there have been concerted efforts by many civil right groups and NGOs towards the education of the electorate. If any election is to be successful in Nigeria, there must be a thorough voters’ education. The electorate needs to know their right, stand by it and defend it. They must be encouraged to come out to vote and stand to defend their votes until it is counted.


Election, Importance, Important Facts, Nigeria, Nigerian News, Peace, Peace And Harmony, Peace In Our Time, Peaceful, Peaceful Life, Political, Political Correctness, Political Corruption, Political Institutions, Political Leaders, Political Philosophy, Political Science, Political Spectrum, Political System, Politician, Politicians, Politics

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author avatar Godwill
A Writer, Authour and Publisher based in Lagos. Freelance writing on Religion, History, Food & Nutrition, Self-help & Counselling, Addiction, Poems & Proses, and science, with online E books.

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author avatar Rathnashikamani
27th Mar 2011 (#)

An enlightening article for the voters to understand democracy and its significance.

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author avatar Sivaramakrishnan A
23rd Feb 2012 (#)

Democracy without an educated electorate and rule of law is a sham. Many countries are in similar plight where wily politicians rule the roost - siva

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author avatar Md Rezaul Karim
3rd May 2012 (#)

As long as politics is a lucrative business, you can't expect anything good from it, particularly where the ethics and morality have gone back seated.
We all are having the same politics and fear.

Thank you for sharing Paul.

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author avatar Colonel ekemini
1st Dec 2012 (#)

government should educate and made public awareness for people living in the rural areas for them to understand what elections is really all about.

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