Chilika

jayababy By jayababy, 12th Jun 2011 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/3m37v0f1/
Posted in Wikinut>Travel>Asia>India>Orissa

Chilka is the largest Asia's largest lagoon and a wonderful tourist spot in Odisha.

Chilika

Situated in the State of Odisha on the east coast of India, Chilika is Asia’s largest tidal lagoon-shallow pond into which the sea flows. It extends from Bhusandpur in Puri district in the north to Rambha-Malud in Ganjam district in the South. It covers a distance of 72 kilometers. The lagoon has a catchment area of 3,000 sq km.

In several languages of India, large birds of prey are known as Chils. As large birds of prey are found in large numbers in the area surrounding the lagoon, it came to be known as Chilika. This lagoon was formed only about 5,000 to 6,000 years ago.

Buddhist literature reveals that Chilika once had thriving ports. These served as important stop-overs for ships making regular voyages on the east coast of India. Over the centuries, these ports declined in importance when the sandbar formed.

The maximum depth of Chilika lagoon which varies according to season is between 3-4.5 meters. There are 52 rivers that discharge about 3,75,000 cu secs of flood water which pushes out the same volume of salty water from the lagoon into the Bay of Bengal. Because of this, the Chilika lagoon turns into a sweet water ecosystem from July to December. The annual sweet-salty cycle is of the greatest importance to the growth of varied living things of the lagoon. The rivers also bring in 13 million tones of fine sand and mud every year, which is turning a part of the lagoon into a marsh.

About 127,000 fishermen from 8 towns and 122 villages in and around Chilika directly depend on the lagoon for their livelihood. The fish trade supports another 50,000 people. About 6,500 tonnes of fish are caught daily.

The Chilika lagoon has enormous tourist potential as it is located on the Puri-Konark-Bhubaneswar pilgrim circuit that attracts people from all over India.

Tags

Bhubaneswar, Chilika Lake, Fishing, Lagoon Bird, Odisha, Port, Puri

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I love reading and writing. I like to meet good friends on Wikinut, to read their works.

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Comments

author avatar Denise O
12th Jun 2011 (#)

It sounds amazing. great info. Thank you for sharing.:)

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author avatar jayababy
12th Jun 2011 (#)

hi Denise O, thx a lot for stopping by.

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author avatar Delicia Powers
12th Jun 2011 (#)

It sounds lovely jayababy...

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author avatar jayababy
12th Jun 2011 (#)

Yes Delicia, thx a lot.

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author avatar Songbird B
13th Jun 2011 (#)

Great article, and informative, Jayababy..Thank you for sharing this...

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author avatar jayababy
14th Jun 2011 (#)

Thx a lot, Songbird.

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author avatar Rathnashikamani
15th Jun 2011 (#)

Excellently written.

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author avatar jayababy
16th Jun 2011 (#)

hi Ratnashikhamani, thx a lot.

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