Prambanan Temple, The Story about Love
Roro Jonggrang refused Bondowoso proposing marriage to be his wife, then by anger he cursed Roro Bondowoso Jonggrang into stone ...
Prambanan is a stunningly beautiful building built in the 10th century during the reign of two kings, and Rakai Pikatan and Rakai Balitung. Rose as high as 47 metres(5 meters higher than Borobudur temple), the foundation of this temple has fulfilled the desire to show Hindu triumph in Java Island. This temple is located 17 kilometers from the Yogyakarta, in the middle of the area that is now a beautiful park.
There is a legend that Javanese people always tell about this temple. Once, a man named Bandung Bondowoso loved Roro Jonggrang . Because of his love, Jonggrang asking Bondowoso make 1000 temples with statues in one night. The request was nearly fulfilled when Jonggrang asked the villagers to pound rice and made a fire in order to look like morning. Bondowoso who only completed 999 statues cursed Jonggrang to be -1000 statue because he felt cheated.
Prambanan temple has three main temples in the primary yard, namely Vishnu, Brahma, and Shiva. The third temple is the epitome of Trimurti in Hindu belief. The third temple is facing east. Each main temple has accompanying temple facing to the west, namely Nandini for Shiva, Swan to Brahma, and Garuda for Vishnu. In addition, there are two temples wedge, 4 temples color, and 4 corner temples. In the second had 224 temples.
The building was first built in 850 AD by the Rakai Pikatan and sustainably enhanced and expanded by King and King Balitung Lokapala Maha Sambu. Based on Siwagrha inscription dates to 856 AD, a shrine was built to glorify the god Shiva, and the original name of this building is Siwagrha in Sanskrit (Sanskrit: Shiva-Graha which means: 'The house of Shiva') or Siwalaya (Sanskrit: Shiva-laya which means: 'aspect of Shiva' or 'Natural Shiva'). In this inscription mentioned that during the construction of the temple Siwagrha underway, the public works carried out are also changes in order to move the flow of river water near this temple. The river in question is Opak river that flows from north to south along the west side of the temple complex of Prambanan. Historians suspect that the original flow of the river is turned curved to the east, and is considered too close to the temple so that erosion of the river can be dangerous to the construction of the temple. Water system project is done by creating a new river that cuts sodetan river curved by the north-south axis along the west wall outside the temple complex. Former native streams and then back filled to provide a wider field for the construction of a row of ancillary temples (temple or temple guards escort).
Decorative arts are very interesting in the Prambanan temple complex are the ornaments in the form of relief statues of gods Lokapala (8 guardian deity of the wind direction) are engraved on the outer wall of the foot of the temple. In addition, there are also stories Ramayanadan Kresnayana relief. Ramayana reliefs carved on the wall of the balustrade of Brahma temple of Shiva in the temple. Kresnayana reliefs carved on the wall of the balustrade of Vishnu. In addition to relief Lokapala god statues, reliefs of the Ramayana, and Kresnayana, decorative arts at the Prambanan Temple complex that stands out is a common decorative motif is called Prambanan, which is an ornament to the shelf in the form of a lion temple is in a sitting position flanked by Kalpataru tree (= tree biodiversity / tree of life). Such ornaments are only available at Prambanan temple, so called Prambanan motifs.